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Alprazolam Uses, Dosage, Side Effects


11.27.2017 | Connor Adamson
Alprazolam
Alprazolam Uses, Dosage, Side Effects

If you use this medicine long-term, you may need frequent medical tests.

Immediate-release tablets, orally disintegrating tablets, oral concentrate: Initial dose: 0.25 mg orally 2 to 3 times a day in elderly or debilitated patients This dose may be gradually increased if needed and tolerated. Because of increased sensitivity to benzodiazepines in elderly patients, alprazolam at daily doses greater than 2 mg meets the Beers criteria as a medication that is potentially inappropriate for use in older adults. Smaller doses may be effective as well as safer. Total daily doses should rarely exceed suggested maximums.

provides accurate and independent information on more than 24,000 prescription drugs, over-the-counter medicines and natural products. This material is provided for educational purposes only and is not intended for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Data sources include Micromedex (updated June 2nd, 2017), Cerner Multum (updated June 5th, 2017), Wolters Kluwer (updated June 6th, 2017) and others. To view content sources and attributions, please refer to our editorial policy.

Grapefruit and grapefruit juice may interact with alprazolam and lead to unwanted side effects. Discuss the use of grapefruit products with your doctor.

Anxiety Xanax, Lexapro, Cymbalta, atenolol, lorazepam, duloxetine, venlaine, escitalopram, More.

See also: Side effects (in more detail).

Generic Name: alprazolam (al PRAY zoe lam) Brand Names: Niravam, Xanax, Xanax XR.

Immediate-release tablets, orally disintegrating tablets, oral concentrate: Initial dose: 0.5 mg orally 3 times a day The daily dose may be gradually increased by no more than 1 mg every 3 to 4 days. Average Dose: Studies in the treatment of depression have reported an average effective dose of 3 mg orally daily in divided doses Maximum Dose: Studies in the treatment of depression have reported to have used 4.5 mg orally daily in divided doses as a maximum.

Keep track of the amount of medicine used from each new bottle. Alprazolam is a drug of abuse and you should be aware if anyone is using your medicine improperly or without a prescription.

The easiest way to lookup drug information, identify pills, check interactions and set up your own personal medication records. Available for Android and iOS devices.

Approval History Calendar Drug history at FDA.

Usual Adult Dose for Panic Disorder:

Alprazolam may be habit-forming. Misuse of habit-forming medicine can cause addiction, overdose, or death.

antifungal medicine - fluconazole, voriconazole.

You should not use alprazolam if you have narrow-angle glaucoma, if you also take itraconazole or ketoconazole, or if you are allergic to alprazolam or similar medicines (Valium, Ativan, Tranxene, and others).

Alprazolam can pass into breast milk and may harm a nursing baby. You should not breast-feed while you are using this medicine.

Availability Rx Prescription only.

You should not take alprazolam if you have: narrow-angle glaucoma;

Other brands: Xanax, Alprazolam Intensol, Xanax XR, Niravam.

Measure liquid medicine with the dosing syringe provided, or with a special dose-measuring spoon or medicine cup. If you do not have a dose-measuring device, ask your pharmacist for one.

Taking this medicine with other drugs that make you sleepy or slow your breathing can cause dangerous side effects or death. Ask your doctor before taking a sleeping pill, narcotic pain medicine, prescription cough medicine, a muscle relaxer, or medicine for anxiety, depression, or seizures.

Cerner Multum, Inc. Version: 10.05. Revision Date:, 10:22:43 AM.

uncontrolled muscle movements, tremor, seizure (convulsions); or.

Do not stop using alprazolam suddenly, or you could have unpleasant withdrawal symptoms. Ask your doctor how to safely stop using alprazolam.

Avoid drinking alcohol. Dangerous side effects could occur.

Depression trazodone, sertraline, Xanax, citalopram, Lexapro, Zoloft, Cymbalta, Prozac, More.

pounding heartbeats or fluttering in your chest.

Alprazolam is a benzodiazepine (ben-zoe-dye-AZE-eh-peen). It affects chemicals in the brain that may be unbalanced in people with anxiety.

Immediate-release tablets, orally disintegrating tablets, oral concentrate: Initial dose: 0.25 mg orally 2 to 3 times a day in elderly or debilitated patients This dose may be gradually increased if needed and tolerated. Because of increased sensitivity to benzodiazepines in elderly patients, alprazolam at daily doses greater than 2 mg meets the Beers criteria as a medication that is potentially inappropriate for use in older adults. Smaller doses may be effective as well as safer. Total daily doses should rarely exceed suggested maximums.

The sedative effects of alprazolam may last longer in older adults. Accidental falls are common in elderly patients who take benzodiazepines. Use caution to avoid falling or accidental injury while you are taking alprazolam.

if you are also taking itraconazole or ketoconazole; or.

Usual Geriatric Dose for Panic Disorder:

Get emergency medical help if you have signs of an allergic reaction to alprazolam : hives; difficult breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.

Panic Disorder sertraline, Xanax, Zoloft, Prozac, clonazepam, fluoxetine, lorazepam, venlaine, More.

kidney or liver disease (especially alcoholic liver disease);

Usual Geriatric Dose for Depression:

Do not drink alcohol while taking alprazolam. This medication can increase the effects of alcohol. This medicine may be habit-forming and should be used only by the person for whom it was prescribed. Keep the medication in a secure place where others cannot get to it.

confusion, agitation, hostility, hallucinations;

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if you are allergic to alprazolam or to other benzodiazepines, such as chlordiazepoxide (Librium), clorazepate (Tranxene), diazepam (Valium), lorazepam (Ativan), or oxazepam (Serax).

Misuse of habit-forming medicine can cause addiction, overdose, or death. Selling or giving away this medicine is against the law.

Seek emergency medical attention or call the Poison Help line at. An overdose of alprazolam can be fatal. Overdose symptoms may include extreme drowsiness, confusion, muscle weakness, loss of balance or coordination, feeling light-headed, and fainting.

Pregnancy Category D Positive evidence of risk.

See also: Dosage Information (in more detail).

Alprazolam may impair your thinking or reactions. Be careful if you drive or do anything that requires you to be alert.

Take the missed dose as soon as you remember. Skip the missed dose if it is almost time for your next scheduled dose. Do not take extra medicine to make up the missed dose.

if you also use a narcotic (opioid) medication.

Immediate-release tablets, orally disintegrating tablets: Initial dose: 0.25 mg orally 2 to 3 times a day in elderly or debilitated patients This dose may be gradually increased if needed and tolerated. Extended-release tablets: Initial dose: 0.5 mg once a day preferably in the morning This dose may be gradually increased if needed and tolerated. Because of increased sensitivity to benzodiazepines in elderly patients, alprazolam at daily doses greater than 2 mg meets the Beers criteria as a medication that is potentially inappropriate for use in older adults. Smaller doses may be effective as well as safer. Total daily doses should rarely exceed suggested maximums.

Usual Adult Dose for Depression:

Do not swallow the orally disintegrating tablet whole. Allow it to dissolve in your mouth without chewing.

Take alprazolam exactly as prescribed by your doctor. Follow all directions on your prescription label. Never use this medicine in larger amounts, or for longer than prescribed. l your doctor if the medicine seems to stop working as well in treating your symptoms.

Usual Adult Dose for Anxiety:

Do not use alprazolam if you are pregnant. This medicine can cause birth defects. Your baby could also become dependent on the drug. This can cause life-threatening withdrawal symptoms in the baby after it is born. Babies born dependent on habit-forming medicine may need medical treatment for several weeks. l your doctor if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant. Use effective birth control to prevent pregnancy while you are taking this medicine.

Call your doctor if this medicine seems to stop working as well in treating your panic or anxiety symptoms.

slurred speech, lack of balance or coordination; memory problems; or.

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depressed mood, thoughts of suicide or hurting yourself;

Call your doctor at once if you have:

l your doctor about all your current medicines and any you start or stop using, especially: cimetidine; digoxin; fluvoxamine; nefazodone;

feeling anxious early in the morning.

Alprazolam may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide.

Do not crush, chew, or break an extended-release tablet. Swallow it whole.

Alprazolam is not approved for use by anyone younger than 18 years old.

Usual Geriatric Dose for Anxiety:

It is dangerous to purchase alprazolam on the Internet or from vendors outside the United States. Medications distributed from Internet sales may contain dangerous ingredients, or may not be distributed by a licensed pharmacy. The sale and distribution of alprazolam outside the U.S. does not comply with the regulations of the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the safe use of this medication.

racing thoughts, increased energy, unusual risk-taking behavior;

ritonavir or other medicines to treat HIV or AIDS; or.

Store at room temperature away from moisture and heat.

asthma or other breathing disorder; open-angle glaucoma;

Immediate-release tablets, orally disintegrating tablets, oral concentrate: Initial dose: 0.25 to 0.5 mg orally 3 times a day This dose may be gradually increased every 3 to 4 days if needed and tolerated. Maintenance dose: May increase up to maximum daily dose of 4 mg in divided doses.

CSA Schedule 4 Some potential for abuse.

This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

Do not use alprazolam if you are pregnant. This medicine can cause birth defects or life-threatening withdrawal symptoms in a newborn.

Common alprazolam side effects may include: drowsiness, feeling tired;

To make sure this medicine is safe for you, l your doctor if you have: seizures or epilepsy;

a history of drug or alcohol addiction; or.

Alprazolam is used to treat anxiety disorders, panic disorders, and anxiety caused by depression.

Immediate-release tablets, orally disintegrating tablets: Initial dose: 0.5 mg orally 3 times a day This dose may be gradually increased every 3 to 4 days if needed and tolerated. Maintenance dose: 1 to 10 mg per day in divided doses Mean dose employed: 5 to 6 mg per day in divided doses Extended-release tablets: Initial dose: 0.5 to 1 mg once a day The daily dose may be gradually increased by no more than 1 mg every 3 to 4 days if needed and tolerated. Maintenance dose: 1 to 10 mg once a day Mean dose employed: 3 to 6 mg once a day.

Alprazolam may be habit-forming. Never share this medicine with another person, especially someone with a history of drug abuse or addiction. Keep the medication in a place where others cannot get to it.

a history of depression or suicidal thoughts or behavior;

This list is not complete. Other drugs may interact with alprazolam, including prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal products. Not all possible interactions are listed in this medication guide.

Alprazolam